Laminate Flooring 101: Understanding the Different Types of Laminate

If you’re considering installing laminate flooring in your home, you’re not alone. Laminate flooring has become a popular choice for homeowners due to its durability, affordability, and versatility. However, with so many different types of laminate flooring on the market, it can be challenging to know which one is right for your home. In this guide, we’ll explore the various types of laminate flooring and help you make an informed decision.

What is Laminate Flooring?

Laminate flooring is a type of flooring that consists of a wood composite core covered with a decorative layer and a wear layer. The decorative layer is designed to mimic the look of real wood or stone, while the wear layer protects against scratches and scuffs. Laminate flooring is an excellent choice for high-traffic areas of the home and is relatively easy to install.

Based on thickness, laminates can be classified into the following types:

Thin Laminates: Thin laminates are composed of two or more layers of material, each typically less than 0.1mm in thickness. These laminates are often used in electronic devices, insulation, or decorative finishes.

Medium Laminates: Medium laminates are composed of layers that range from 0.1mm to 0.5mm in thickness. They are commonly used in furniture, cabinets, and countertops.

Thick Laminates: Thick laminates are composed of layers that are greater than 0.5mm in thickness. They are often used in flooring, industrial applications, and heavy-duty work surfaces.

The thickness of the laminate layers can affect its properties, such as strength, durability, and appearance. Therefore, choosing the appropriate type of laminate based on the application is important to ensure optimal performance.

Basic Types of Laminate

There are several types of laminate available, each with its own unique properties and characteristics. Here are some of the most common types of laminate:

High-Pressure Laminate

High-pressure laminates (HPL) are a type of laminate that offers superior performance and durability. Unlike regular laminates, HPL is made up of multiple layers of paper that are bonded together with extremely high pressure and heat. This makes it incredibly resistant to scratches, moisture, heat, as well as everyday wear and tear perfect for high-traffic areas like kitchens and bathrooms.

HPL also comes in a wide range of colours, designs and finishes so you can easily customize your space to suit your own personal style. Plus, the installation process is relatively simple just cut the sheet into the desired shape then glue or nail it down onto the subfloor. Once installed, HPL requires minimal maintenance simply sweep or vacuum regularly and you’re good to go!

Overall, HPL’s combination of amazing performance and exceptional durability make it one of the most popular forms of laminate on the market today. It’s perfect for busy households or commercial spaces that require a flooring solution that can withstand heavy foot traffic without sacrificing style!

Low-Pressure Laminate

Low-Pressure Laminate (LPL) is a type of laminate material commonly used in furniture and cabinetry. It is made by bonding layers of decorative paper with a resin-impregnated core layer, which is then pressed together under low heat and pressure. The resulting material then adheres to a substrate such as particleboard, MDF or plywood to create a durable, decorative surface.

LPL is known for its affordability, durability, and ease of maintenance, making it a popular choice for residential and commercial applications. It is available in a wide range of colours, patterns, and textures, including woodgrain, stone, and metallic finishes, allowing it to mimic the look of more expensive materials such as solid wood, granite, and stainless steel.

Post-Formed Laminate

Post-formed laminate is a special type of laminate that’s manufactured using a different process than the other types. In post-formed laminate, the laminate is heated and then bent or “formed” into a curve, creating a seamless edge. This makes post-formed laminate ideal for use on curved surfaces, such as countertops or tabletops.

The most common use for post-formed laminate is for countertops. Post-formed laminate countertops offer several benefits over traditional countertops with square edges. The seamless edge is not only aesthetically pleasing, but it’s also easier to clean and maintain. There are also no sharp edges to worry about, which can be a safety hazard in some environments.

Post-Formed Laminate

Thermally Fused Laminates

Thermally Fused Laminate (TFL), also known as Melamine, is a type of laminate that is created by fusing a printed decorative paper layer with a resin-impregnated core layer under high heat and pressure. The result is a durable, low-cost material that can be used for a variety of applications.

TFL is commonly used for furniture and cabinetry, as well as for flooring and wall panelling. It is available in a wide range of colours and patterns, and it can mimic the look of wood, stone, or other materials. Some of the advantages of TFL include its affordability, resistance to scratches and stains, and ease of maintenance.

TFL is often compared to High-Pressure Laminate (HPL), which is a similar but more durable type of laminate that is made by fusing multiple layers of paper with resin. While HPL is more resistant to wear and tear than TFL, it is also more expensive and may not be necessary for all applications.

The Types of Laminates Based on Surface Finish

The surface finish is an essential aspect of laminates, which determines their look and feel. Laminates are available in several types of surface finishes, such as gloss, embossed, matte, hand-scraped, and textured.

High Gloss Laminate

High gloss laminate is a type of laminate flooring that has a shiny, reflective finish. The finish is achieved by applying a high gloss coating to the top layer of the laminate. This coating is typically made of a clear resin, which gives the laminate its reflective surface. The high gloss finish is popular among homeowners who want a modern and sleek look for their homes. It’s perfect for modern and contemporary interiors, as well as commercial spaces like offices, hotels, and shops.

Embossed Laminate

Embossed laminate, also known as textured laminate, is a type of laminate that has a textured surface. This texture is achieved through a process of pressing the laminate with a textured plate during production. The result is a laminate with a surface that mimics the look and feel of natural materials, such as wood or stone. Embossed laminate is available in a range of textures, from light and subtle to deep and dramatic. This variety allows for a wide range of design options and can add depth and dimension to any space. Additionally, the texture helps to hide minor imperfections or wear and tear, making it a practical choice for high-traffic areas.

Matte Laminate

If you prefer a more understated and elegant finish, matte laminate is the way to go. Matte laminate has a surface that is less reflective than high gloss laminate, but still smooth and consistent. It can create a sophisticated and timeless look in any room, and it’s perfect for classic and minimalist interiors. Matte laminate is also more forgiving when it comes to scratches and stains, so it’s a good choice for homes with pets and children.

Hand-Scraped Laminate

Hand-Scraped laminate flooring is unique in that it mimics the look of hardwood flooring, but with a more rustic and vintage appearance. This type of flooring is perfect for those who want the look of hardwood flooring but without the high maintenance required by traditional hardwood flooring. Hand-scraped laminate flooring gets its name from the process used to create it. The flooring is hand-scraped, which means that each plank is scraped by hand to create a distressed and vintage appearance. This gives the flooring a unique look that is hard to find in other types of flooring.

Hand-Scraped Laminate

Textured Laminate

Textured laminates are a popular choice for those looking to add a tactile element to their interior design. These laminates have a surface that is not smooth but rather has a raised texture that can be felt when touched. Textured laminates come in various patterns, such as wood grain, stone, and even abstract designs.

How to Choose the Right Laminate for Your Home

Now that you know about the different types of laminates available, you might be wondering how to choose the right one for your home. Here are a few things to consider:

  • Style: Think about the overall style of your home décor and choose a laminate that complements it. For example, if you have a modern home, High Gloss Laminate might be a perfect choice, while if you have a more traditional home, hand-scraped laminate might be a better fit.
  • Durability: Consider the durability of the laminate, especially if you have pets or children. Look for a laminate with a high AC rating, which indicates how well it will hold up to wear and tear.
  • Maintenance: Consider how much maintenance the laminate will require. Some laminates are more high-maintenance than others, so choose one that fits your lifestyle.
  • Budget: Determine how much you can afford to spend on laminate flooring, taking into account any installation costs and additional materials. Laminate flooring is a cost-effective option that can provide the look of hardwood or stone flooring without the high price tag. A more expensive laminate may be a worthwhile investment if it is more durable and requires less maintenance over time.


Laminate flooring is a popular choice for homeowners looking to refresh their space without breaking the bank. There are several types of laminate available on the market, including high-pressure laminate (HPL), low-pressure Laminate (LPL), thermally fused laminate (TFL), and post-formed laminate. Regardless of the type of laminate chosen, it is important to consider factors such as durability, thickness, and cost when selecting a flooring option. With all these factors in mind, homeowners can make an educated decision about which type of laminate flooring is best for their needs.

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